Bullying is defined as "a person is being bullied or victimized when he or she is exposed, repeatedly and over time, to negative actions on the part of one or more person". (Olweus, 1993).

Peace Keepers defines bullying as a sin that hurts our deeply relational God."



  • Repetitive
  • Intentional
  • Imbalance of power
  • Transitional role


A multitude of variables contribute to bullying / victimization behavior.


  • Peer group influences
  • Environmental aggression
  • Lack of school supervision
  • History of bully/victim
  • Entitlement
  • Life stressors


  • Passive, easily intimidated, or have few friends
  • Small or obese
  • Physical, learning, speech or emotional differences
  • Low esteem in Christ
  • High school girls - sexual harassment and cyberbullying
  • High school athletes


St. Petersburg Christian has experienced a significant reduction in the rate of bullying since 2001. Over half of the student body volunteers in the Peace Keeper mentoring program, either as a mentor or mentee. Based on post-test surveys, a high success rate of non-repeat offenders was achieved after the completion of Christian group intervention.

 

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Victim


  • 41% reported difficulty in learning
  • Higher levels of depression and anxiety
  • Increase absenteeism and school avoidance
  • Increase psychosomatic complaints
  • Lower emotional resiliency for older students chronically bullied
  • Increased risk in transitional grades

Bully


  • By age eight, 25% risk of an adult criminal record
  • 2/3 school shootings related to bullying
  • 1/3 of U.S. workers report being bullied at work
  • Increased aggression toward family and others
  • Anonymity from cyber-bullying makes it easier



  • Begins in preschool - peaks in middle school
  • Increases for high school girls
  • 32% of surveyed middle school students did not tell teacher
  • One out of three do not tell parents
  • Underestimation of bullying by staff
  • Survey of 1500 students in 4th - 8th grade revealed 42% have been bullied online and 53% reported having bullied someone online
  • Only 10% of cyberbullied students tell parents



  • Physical
  • Verbal
  • Relational
  • Cyber

"Now the fruit of righteousness is sown in peace by those who make peace." James 3:18